Although it was activated on April Fools’ Day—1 April 1966, to be precise—the mission with which 1st Signal Brigade was tasked was no laughing matter. The three existing signal groups that were merged to form the brigade had to design, install, operate, and maintain a communication system that melded all existing tactical and strategic communications in Southeast Asia, placing them under a sole, unified command.

Just the scope of the land mass that needed to be covered—over 60,000 square miles—made the objective daunting; much of that territory consisted of humid jungles or mountainous terrain that was either sparsely populated or under the sway of enemy forces. To address these issues, 1st Signal Brigade perfected the use of tropospheric scatter radio relay sets (“troposcatter”), allowing communication transmissions between sites several hundred miles apart. It also introduced the use of satellite communications in a combat zone, and was the first to use automatic, digital message and data switches. These successes helped earn them the Special Designation and subsequent nickname “First to Communicate.”

At the height of the conflict, the brigade consisted of six Signal groups and 22 Signal battalions comprising more than 22,000 soldiers. But the drawdown leading up to the signing of the Paris Peace Accords left the brigade with fewer than 1,300 personnel by November 1972, at which point it was relocated to the Republic of Korea and placed under the U.S. Army Strategic Communications Command. Its mission is to provide communications support to U.S. Forces Korea, the Eighth United States Army, and United Nations Command, as well as operate and maintain the Defense Communications System.

Related Items
1st Signal Brigade Unit Patch (SSI)
1st Signal Brigade Unit Crest (DUI)

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